2019 has become a thing of the past. As the first year of 5G, last year's technology hotspots and digital hotspots are constantly expanding around what 5G and 5G mobile phones are like.
Among them, South Korea, a pioneer, issued 5G licenses as early as December 2018. According to data from the third-party data agency GSMA: South Korea launched 5G in April, and by the end of June, more than 1.6 million people had switched to the new Services, accounting for 77% of the total 5G users worldwide.
But as a global pioneer, its 5G users complained in the media that the experience of 5G is too poor.
As the beginning of 5G construction in 2020, what is the global 5G network speed today? What is the 5G experience in various countries?
When the 5G landscape is gradually unfolding, what are the practical problems restricting the 5G experience?
1.Global 5G network speed ranking
According to worldtimezone's latest data on 5G, there are currently more than 27 countries that have achieved 5G commercialization in the world. Among them, South Korea has the fastest 5G construction speed and the largest number of users. The comprehensive 5G commercial experience ranks first in the world.
Unlike South Korea ’s actual first, competition in South Korea, the United States, and Europe is fierce in global 5G construction earlier this year.
According to worldtimezone's news records, South Korea launched the world's first national 5G mobile phone on April 3, 2019, and when preparing for 5G network construction, the United States rejected South Korea's request to launch the world's first 5G network; and in When the United States was preparing for 5G construction, it was rejected by the European Commission for 5G construction requests from the United States and South Korea.
In fact, just last year, a competition for the issue of 5G commercial licenses occurred around the world. Now, in addition to 5G licenses, competition from countries around the world has shifted to 5G speeds.
In terms of 5G construction, although South Korea is the world's 5G pioneer, it is not the country with the fastest 5G network speed.
According to the information released by Opensignal in September last year that included 12 countries including the United States, South Korea, Australia, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, the United States tops the list with 1815 Mbps, Australia ranks second with 1292 Mbps, and Switzerland ranks second. Three, and South Korea ranked fourth in the network speed of 1138Mbps.
(Data for September from Opensignal)
Because China did not launch a commercial 5G coverage service until November last year, Opensignal did not include China's 5G network speed in its July and September reports last year.
However, the second-rate technology experts have learned from the actual tests of Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications and the financial industry by He Meng and himself using Huawei Mate 30 Pro 5G. The current 5G network speed in China is basically maintained between 800Mbps and 1.2Gbps. Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications can occasionally sprint to more than 1.4Gbps, so according to Opensignal's record rule of maximum actual speed, China's ranking in Opensignal should be around 2nd.
It is worth noting that in the 5G speed list released by Opensignal last July, although the United States also ranked first in the rankings, it did not happen at all compared with the 1815Mbps data in the list last September. No change.
In contrast, South Korea, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom are increasing their 5G network speeds with their 5G construction.
(July data from Opensignal)
According to Opensignal ’s September report, the US ’s 5G network speed has not changed because the US ’s 5G network chose the mmWave (millimeter wave) 5G frequency band for network construction from the beginning.
Therefore, Opensignal also pointed out in the analysis that although the 5G network speed in the United States is the only country that has reached mmWave technology, the application of mmWave technology also makes the 5G network coverage in the United States smaller and more concentrated. Therefore, in the Opensignal report, only 1% of 5G mobile phone users in the United States can use 5G, while in South Korea, which ranks fourth in 5G speed, 20% of 5G mobile phone users use 5G network services.
mmWave is part of the 5G frequency band. Compared with mmWave's 5G technology, except the United States, the world currently uses mid-band 5G.
Mid-band 5G is another type of 5G spectrum, and there is some competition with mmWave. Compared with the real dilemma of high speed and small coverage of mmWave, mid-band 5G can not only achieve high network speed, but also achieve far higher coverage than mmWave.
The United States does not understand the benefits of 5G in the mid-band, but the United States still chooses mmWave technology for 5G construction, because in many regions of the United States and Southeast Asia, the mid-band has been used for military communications and is available on the 3.x Ghz band. Poor 5G spectrum.
Therefore, the United States, which seems to have a high network speed, has actually fallen into the bottleneck of 5G construction.
It is worth noting that according to the Opensignal report, the currently measured 5G network speeds are all data under NSA (non-independent networking), and few 5G services currently use the 5G ideal frequency band (100 MHz channel) With the commercial implementation of 5G, there is still room for improvement in global 5G research, and 5G construction is still in its early stages.
5G experiences in China, the U.S., and South Korea
As a new technology, 5G, in addition to some users in a few countries such as South Korea, Switzerland, the United States and China, can experience it in advance, and most consumers can only act as spectators.
But for those who have already experienced 5G, they are not happy at this time. Among them, because the number of 5G users in South Korea is the largest, the voice of Tucao is also the loudest.
According to a Korean telecom practitioner in the media, "As the first batch of 5G users in South Korea, even in the second half of 2019, 5G signals in South Korea are still unstable. For example, when using 5G mobile phones, they must be in a specific area In order to maintain the best state of 5G signals, and the speed of 5G networks varies with the speed of 5G signals. "
The reason for this practitioner's dissatisfaction is: "The price of 5G mobile phones and 5G tariffs is much higher than the cost of using 4G mobile phones, which makes people feel very uneconomical."
In fact, the main reason for South Korean 5G users to have such complaints is that according to the network speed measurement platform SPEEDTEST released a global speed measurement mobile index data in November 2019 shows that the average download speed of South Korean mobile networks is as high as 117.9Mbps. One; and fixed broadband speeds up to 164.12Mbps ranked second in the world.
Although this network speed is not as high as the 1240Mbps of 5G maximum network speed in South Korea, it is enough to meet the daily Internet needs of Koreans. And according to the list released by Opensignal in July, the highest network speed of 4G in South Korea can reach 619Mbps, which is only less than 2 times that of 5G.
Therefore, in order to promote 5G, South Korean operators give a lot of subsidies to 5G mobile phone users, such as LG's V50 5G mobile phone, the original price of 6,400 yuan, but thanks to the operator's strong subsidies, the actual starting price is only equal to a domestic red rice Entry model.
Compared with South Korea, 5G construction in the United States is very low-key. Moreover, according to a survey conducted by T-Mobile in 2019, nearly 60% of people in the United States are unaware that carriers have launched 5G services.
It is understood that this impression is related to the 5G construction in the United States betting on mmWave technology. Because the high network speed brought by mmWave technology makes the signal penetration very poor, so if the United States uses 5G under mmWave technology, it also means that 5G base stations are arranged in the home without dead ends.
At present, the construction of base stations in the United States is still focused on key areas, so according to a 5G mobile phone user in the United States, "Who would order an expensive package separately and then use 5G in a specific area?"
Because the United States does not have strong subsidies from South Korean operators for 5G mobile phones and the coverage that South Korean 5G can achieve, the total number of 5G mobile phones sold in the United States as of August last year is less than 30,000.
Compared with the sales of millions of 5G mobile phones in South Korea, it is no wonder that 60% of the people in the United States have not started to provide 5G services.
Returning to China from the United States, this year China no longer acts as a 5G spectator, but has personally participated in the construction and exploration of 5G.
Among them, according to the "Analysis Report on the Operation of the Domestic Mobile Phone Market in October 2019": Since the launch of 5G mobile phones in July this year, domestic shipments of 5G mobile phones have reached 3.281 million, and 20 5G mobile phones have been listed.
However, the difference from 5G mobile phone shipments is that although the domestic 5G experience has been covered in first-tier cities such as Beijing and Shanghai, after purchasing a 5G mobile phone, at the 2019 World 5G Conference held on November 21 last year, Minister of Industry and Information Technology Miao Wei said at the opening ceremony that there were only 870,000 5G subscribers.
According to a Huawei Mate 30 5G mobile phone user introduction: "Now 4G + is very easy to use. I looked at the 5G tariffs and thought about the actual value of high network speeds. I gave up, at least for now. It will not be used at any time. When 5G applications are abundant or 4G network is not enough, just go for 5G. "
Different from this 5G user, another 5G user said to us: "At the beginning of the year, the media said that 5G is 100 times that of 4G. I was looking forward to it, but after the physical experience, it currently reaches up to 4G in Financial Street. It ’s about 10 times, so I ’m a little disappointed. But since I bought a 5G phone, it will continue to be used. ”
In fact, according to our feedback from 5G users in various countries around the world, the current 5G is only a small part of the early adopter stage. There are still many ways to mature and many new technologies to explore and experiment.
3.Realistic factors limiting ordinary people's 5G experience
At the end of 2019, with the release of Xiaomi's Redmi K30 5G mobile phone, more users in China are coming into contact with 5G. However, considering the global and existing industrial environment, there are still many details of 5G that affect the actual experience. Obstruct the landing of 5G mobile phones.
For example, according to the 2019 Q1 smart machine industry research report from Aurora Data, the current smart phone consumption in China is mainly dominated by mobile phones under 3,000 yuan, of which mobile phones under 3,000 yuan account for 80.8% of the domestic mobile phone consumer market.
(From Aurora Big Data)
But so far, in addition to the Redmi K30, a 5G mobile phone below 3,000 yuan, several other 5G mobile phones on the market are still above 3,000 yuan. Redmi K30 was exploded shortly after its release, and castrated the frequency bands supported by 5G.
The more terrible fact is: even if you talk about raising the budget to 3,500 yuan, the 5G mobile phones of Xiaomi, OPPO and vivo all only support 5G signals of non-independent networking. As early as last September, the three major operators broke out: In the future, 5G will be dominated by independent networking.
The reason why the price of 5G mobile phones has risen is that the basebands that make up 5G mobile phones are too expensive. Among them, Qualcomm X50, a 5G baseband that only supports non-independent networking, has previously been reported to be as high as $ 50.
In the domestic market, the lack of a huge subsidy policy for mobile phones by Korean operators, the price of 5G mobile phones will still make many people wait and see at least 2020.
But even if you buy a 5G mobile phone and use 5G services regardless of cost, another difficulty in the 5G mobile phone user experience is still difficult to overcome.
Because the high-speed experience of 5G will cause a lot of power consumption during the use of mobile phones, one point that a mobile phone manufacturer and operator did not tell you is: "5G mobile phones will consume much more power than 4G mobile phones."
Although Huawei, Xiaomi, OPPO, and vivo have all made breakthroughs in fast charging technology in order to meet 5G, and the thickness and battery capacity of new mobile phones have repeatedly increased, at the moment when battery technology cannot effectively break through, fast charging is only an upgrade of power consumption. Temporary assistance is not a good way to create a great experience for mobile phone users.
In fact, in addition to price and battery constraints, the biggest shortcoming that currently plagues the 5G mobile phone experience is still the lack of 5G applications.
The related fact is that when I buy a 5G mobile phone, I can only use it as a 4G mobile phone. I watch 1080P videos like 4G mobile phones and play mobile games like 4G hands. Even if 5G-related cloud games appear, I will hold For 5G mobile phones, you find that 4G mobile phones can play as well.
With regard to the lack of 5G applications, it is not only the consumers of 5G mobile phones that are anxious. From the perspective of some application developers contacted by second-rate technology experts, 5G applications are a game that has a car or a road first.
According to an application developer: "According to the current scale of 5G mobile phone users, it is not yet possible to attract enough application developers to do large-scale innovation in 5G applications. At present, most developers are working with one of the three major operators. Identity, doing some cloud gaming business, but the current cloud gaming innovation does not place high demands on the actual speed of mobile phone networks. "
Therefore, the simple high network speed is very limited for 5G mobile phone consumers, and the simple high network speed is not the greatest value brought by 5G to C-end consumers.